Collection of a clean voided urine specimen: a comparison among spoken, written, and computer-based instructions.

TitleCollection of a clean voided urine specimen: a comparison among spoken, written, and computer-based instructions.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication1977
AuthorsFisher LA, Johnson TS, Porter D, Bleich HL, SLACK WV
JournalAm J Public Health
Volume67
Issue7
Pagination640-4
Date Published1977 Jul
ISSN0090-0036
KeywordsAdolescent, Adult, Bacteria, Computer-Assisted Instruction, Computers, Female, Humans, Patient Education as Topic, Specimen Handling, Teaching, Urine, Verbal Behavior, Writing
Abstract

In an effort to compare different methods of instructing patients, 99 women 18-25 years of age were given computer, spoken, weitten, or no instructions for the collection of a clean voided urine specimen. The group who received computer instructions was the most uniform in its performance (P less than 0.002, F-test) and reported the fewest procedural problems (P less than 0.02, Fisher test). In addition, this group had fewer contaminating bacteria than the group who received written instructions (P less than 0.03 , Mann-Whitney test). The group who received no instructions had more bacteria (P less than 0.0001, Mann-Whitney test) than any of the other groups. The effectiveness of the computer instruction was probably related to numerous attributes, including the individualized quality of the dialogue, self-pacing, self-testing, and privacy.

DOI10.2105/AJPH.67.7.640
Alternate JournalAm J Public Health
PubMed ID327837
PubMed Central IDPMC1653701
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